Monday, October 27, 2014

"City of God" XX.30

Chapter 30:
Many, many other passages could be quoted, but that would take too much time.

One of the problems that we have to deal with is the question of who is meant by "The Lord God" when the OT says that "The Lord God" will do something. Is it Christ? Is it God the Father? Is it the Holy Spirit? These answers are not always obvious. Yet, in texts concerning the "last day," Augustine says that generally Jesus is who is meant, and gives a number of proof-texts with interpretations in defense of this position.

In conclusion to this book, Augustine writes:
In connection with the last judgment, therefore, we who believe can be sure of the following truths: Elias the Thesbite will return; the Jews will believe; Antichrist will persecute the Church; Christ will be the Judge; the dead will rise; the good will be separated from the wicked; the world will suffer from fire, but will be renewed. Of course, what we believe is the simple fact that all these things are to be; but how and in what sequence the events are to occur we must leave to future experience, which alone can teach these truths so much better than human intelligence can at present understand.

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